Lawmakers have pushed for a comprehensive federal law protecting user data. But it has never survived the chaos of a deeply divided Congress. On Tuesday, the Energy and Commerce Committee held its first hearing to discuss a new proposal. Called the American Data Privacy and Protection Act, the proposal marks a major step forward in congressional data privacy negotiations.

The measure allows for Americans to access, correct, and request deletion of any personal data companies have collected on them. “This is the closest we’ve come to establishing a national standard,” Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers (R-WA) said during Tuesday’s hearing.

The measure would ban companies from serving targeted ads to children under 16. It also calls on the Federal Trade Commission to define what forms of data are necessary for companies to collect. “This proposal is the first serious, bipartisan, bicameral, comprehensive national privacy bill,” Rep. Frank Pallone (D-NJ) said.

Business groups have opposed many of the measure’s compromises. A private right of action would allow for civil lawsuits in response to data privacy violations. The Chamber of Commerce called the measure “unworkable” and that it “should be rejected”
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