By Deisy Buitrago
BARINAS, Venezuela - Cattle ranchers in Barinas state, one of Venezuela's main agricultural regions, milk their herds in the small hours each morning before selling the milk in dollars to make ends meet, as a lack of credit worsens a long-running economic crisis.
Venezuela's agriculture industry has been hit by years of regulations and expropriation of land, leading ranchers who depend on selling meat to scale back cattle breeding and shift to dairy.
Ranching across Venezuela's sprawling plains boasted 2.5 million head of cattle as little as four years ago, but has dwindled to 1.7 million as rearing costs soared, producers said. Fewer cattle are being slaughtered because high inflation has hit demand for beef, they added.
Though President Nicolas Maduro's government loosened business regulations in 2019, the measure has not permitted the complete reactivation of key areas for the South American country's battered economy.
However, some ranchers can now sell milk for dollars, helping to offset the devaluation of Venezuela's bolivar.
"Milk is what provides us the opportunity to have petty cash on the farm ... that keeps us operating," said Jose Labrador, president of the Barinas rural producers association, adding that he and his fellow ranchers faced a grave crisis.
A liter of milk can go for 30 to 60 cents, Labrador said.
Use of the dollar has helped producers survive, they said, while making smuggling cattle to neighboring Colombia less attractive, Fedenaga said.
Beef production is much slower and takes longer to generate income in a country where annual consumption has dropped to eight kilograms per person from 26 kilos in the 1990s, according to the national federation of ranchers in Venezuela (Fedenaga).
A handful of ranchers have been able to sell beef abroad, with the government pushing exports to Asia and the Middle East.
Milk production in Barinas is around 2...